International agreements have the right targets in place to take the first, most important steps towards attaining the MDGs for safe water and hygiene. The Monterrey Consensus urges developed countries to make concrete efforts to achieve a target of 0.7% of gross national product (GNP) as ODA to developing countries and 0.15‐0.20% of GNP of developed countries to Least Developed Countries (LDCs).It also committees developing countries to strengthen their policies and institutions, and to take the lead within their own development processes (OECD, 2002; UN, 2002; Danida, 2006). The Rome Declaration is the other which identifies the need to harmonize the operational policies, processes, procedures and practices of donor institutions with those of partner country systems to improve the effectiveness of development assistance and thereby contribute to achieving the MDGs.
It also provides practical guidelines on how donors can support country ownership by harmonizing their procedures to ensure aid effectiveness for water and sanitation. Even though this formulation is technically awkward, its intent is clear.