Knowledge management (KM), an emerging concept reached the scientific world from the corporate domain during the past decade. The idea that various forms of knowledge, both explicit and tacit, if managed properly in organizations can yield better results is revolutionizing the world. Till date, KM has not permeated the scientific world to the extent that it should have. Scientists and academicians are basically knowledge-workers whose work involves application of multidimensional knowledge in their respective fields. Tremendous scope exists for the creation of knowledge repositories and networks in the scientific world for overall improvement in the quality of work. Also, a paradigm shift is taking place in organizational set-ups, from the conventional hierarchical organizations which are closed systems to Learning Organizations that encourage people to grow and develop, to share their knowledge and learn with others, and to learn from errors.
Geology, a major branch of science, involves application of knowledge about the earth and its processes for the betterment of human civilization. Geologic mapping, mineral exploration and groundwater studies are the important spheres of activity where skilled professionals work with the objective of identifying valuable resources for development. Knowledge relating to geological studies is mostly of the tacit type and can be captured only with the help of advanced technology and innovative ideas. Dissemination of this knowledge through networks would improve the overall quality of geological work by introducing greater professionalism. While geological knowledge in explicit form (in books, journals, websites) is transacted in educational and research contexts that in a tacit form through skills and experience dominate a survey organization’s knowledge exchange. In geological mapping and exploration programmes, the embedded organizational knowledge, including the tacit knowledge of senior professionals is seldom put to use.
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