People often say “you can’t value knowledge”
In a strict sense, that is probably true, but there is a proxy for the value of knowledge, and that is how much a knowledge worker earns. The chart to the right is drawn from here, and shows how average UK salaries increase with years of experience. Each year of experience seems to equate roughly to an added £1000 in salary. This “value of experience” is a proxy for the value of knowledge, because experience is where knowledge comes from.
The chart shows average salaries, covering all types of job; not necessarily knowledge workers. The value per year of experience depends on the job, and on the knowledge.
People often say “you can’t value knowledge”
Posted by sekumapter on March 28, 2013
Why Behaviour Change Communication(BCC) has miserably failed in the WASH sector and what needs to be done?
Behaviour Change has more to do with peoples understanding of their selves, their thinking and beliefs at a deeper social and societal level – and not as an individual atomised consumers. BCC campaigns in WASH programmes, treat people as consumers who can made to buy/change behaviours using slick marketing techniques.
At the Mumbai WSSCC International Sanitation Meeting in Aug 2011, Behaviour Change in Hygoene was identified as a WSSCC Knowledge Networking Priority, based on a popular voting process. A Group was formed and met for its first meeting to discuss the agenda and focus of Behaviour Change Communication COP during the WSSCC meeting. A very useful first report was prepared and shared with the partipants. The Group had raised the need for understanding BCC not as a social marketing approach of advertsising and communication agencies as is being done presently in WASH and Health Sectors. But to develop our understanding of the theory of social and political change that is at the root of peoples WASH behaviours.Unfortunately this could not be sustained.
Posted by sekumapter on March 22, 2013
Getting communities engaged in water and sanitation projects: participatory design and consumer feedback
Community engagement in water and sanitation service delivery is key for ensuring project sustainability and accountability.
This Topic Brief looks at community engagement approaches used by WSUP in three cities within the African Cities for the Future (ACF) programme: Antananarivo (Madagascar), Kumasi (Ghana) and Maputo (Mozambique).
Click on the image above to download the Topic Brief
The specific focus is on ways to encourage community involvement in the design of water supply and sanitation projects, and ways in which service providers can elicit input and feedback from people living in low-income communities.
Posted by sekumapter on February 25, 2013
Social media is not only about marketing.
It has a lot to offer to those wanting to learn and collaborate. Here are 5 ideas of places where you could start using social media for knowledge-sharing.
Posted by sekumapter on December 18, 2012
In Uganda due to the very many phones springing up every year, voice calls and SMS texts are the most common means of communication. This is evidenced by the different telecommunications companies like MTN, UTL, WARID and others which have penetrated the market. In Uganda, approximately half of the country‘s districts are still below the national coverage of 64% which implies that very many people still don’t have access to improved water and sanitation.(SPR,2012). Surprisingly, these vulnerable people are more likely to have a mobile phone instead of access to a clean toilet.
Year after year, the government struggles to provide growing populations with basic water and sanitation needs while mobile phones have become ambiguous in the developing world. Global statistics also indicate that most of the water problems today are as a result of poor governance in WASH. The low levels of accountability and transparency in the WASH sector have led to increase in number of broken pumps, contaminated water sources, unsafe water chains and so on.
Coordination of users with the service provider is vital to the success of ensuring sustainable service delivery. This document presents SMS as an effective channel of communication for water users and providers and how it can help in ensuring long term planning, monitoring, policy-making, and governance.
Getting high quality and useful information and knowledge to the community members has also been a problem. One of the main reasons for this is the lack of access to sources and channels of knowledge and information. But with the availability of mobile phones, radio spot messages within and availed to the communities, this process will allow increased dissemination of knowledge and information on WASH accountability.
3.0 Purpose of this Channel
The purpose of using this SMS channels is to introduce the rapidly growing use of mobile technology into activities that promote enhanced accountability in WASH services provision, in particular by providing service users (e.g. citizens in general) a greater voice in providing feedback on quality and quantity of services and support provided.
The issues to be addressed include among others: increased and facilitated communication, involve citizens that cannot afford expensive travel to offices to complain or ask for support, increased efficiency and effectiveness of services rendered, enhanced customer satisfaction among others.
Why an SMS?
During a household listing exercise and baseline survey, it was realized that most water users have access to mobile phones at their disposal than toilets.
The impact of SMS can be seen in almost every aspect of life, from teenagers’ fragmented attention spans, to presidential campaigns, to the ways victims of natural disasters seek relief.
SMS and mobile phones in general, get that one-to-one contact and engage rural, remote communities. Though it doesn’t have the best reach compared to the radio, thus there is need to combine the two, if we can reach out to the community and figure out what they’re thinking, what they’re saying, and put that on the radio so that it’s communities talking to communities in a localized manner to start more discussion, then it sparks more feedback through mobile phones. By using real voices and reports from communities, the service provider is able to address the concerns and wants of the community and advocate for beneficiaries with a clearer idea of goals and need. SMS are effective and open channel of communication.
- Enhanced efficiency and effectiveness of WASH services provided under governance of local government
- Enhanced Town council level capacity to manage citizen’s involvement through mobile channels.
- A rapidly increase in citizens involvement in providing feedback and monitoring of WASH services
Posted by sekumapter on December 11, 2012
Groundwater provides drinking water for millions of Africans and is the primary source of water to irrigate cropland in many of the nations most productive agricultural settings. Although the benefits of groundwater development are many, groundwater pumping can reduce the flow of water in connected streams and rivers — a process called streamflow depletion by wells. The USGS has released a new report that summarizes the body of knowledge on streamflow depletion, highlights common misconceptions, and presents new concepts to help water managers and others understand the effects of groundwater pumping on surface water.
“Groundwater discharge is a critical part of flow in most streams–and the more we pump below the ground, the more we deplete water flowing down the stream,” said USGS Director Marcia McNutt. “When viewed over the long term, it is one big zero-sum game.”
Groundwater and surface-water systems are connected, and groundwater discharge is often a substantial component of the total flow of a stream. In many areas of the country, pumping wells capture groundwater that would otherwise discharge to connected streams, rivers, and other surface-water bodies. Groundwater pumping can also draw streamflow into connected aquifers where pumping rates are relatively large or where the locations of pumping are relatively close to a stream.
“Streamflow depletion caused by pumping is an important water-resource management issue across the nation because of the adverse effects that reduced flows can have on aquatic ecosystems, the availability of surface water, and the quality and aesthetic value of streams and rivers,” said Paul Barlow, USGS hydrologist and author on the report. “Managing the effects of streamflow depletion by wells is challenging, particularly because of the significant time delays that often occur between when pumping begins and when the effects of that pumping are realized in nearby streams. This report will help managers understand the many factors that control the timing, rates, and locations of streamflow depletion caused by pumping.”
Major conclusions from the report:
- Individual wells may have little effect on streamflow depletion, but small effects of many wells pumping within a basin can combine to produce substantial effects on streamflow and aquatic habitats.
- Basinwide groundwater development typically occurs over a period of several decades, and the resulting cumulative effects on streamflow depletion may not be fully realized for years.
- Streamflow depletion continues for some time after pumping stops because it takes time for a groundwater system to recover from the previous pumping stress. In some aquifers, maximum rates of streamflow depletion may occur long after pumping stops, and full recovery of the groundwater system may take decades to centuries.
- Streamflow depletion can affect water quality in the stream or in the aquifer. For example, in many areas, groundwater discharge cools stream temperatures in the summer and warms stream temperatures in the winter, providing a suitable year-round habitat for fish. Reductions in groundwater discharge to streams caused by pumping can degrade habitat by warming stream temperatures during the summer and cooling stream temperatures during the winter.
- The major factors that affect the timing of streamflow depletion are the distance from the well to the stream and the properties and geologic structure of the aquifer.
- Sustainable rates of groundwater pumping near streams do not depend on the rates at which groundwater systems are naturally replenished (or recharged), but on the total flow rates of the streams and the amount of reduced streamflow that a community or regulatory authority is willing to accept.
Posted by sekumapter on November 20, 2012
I am Yaw Asante Sarkodie, working with the Ministry of Water Resources, Works and Housing in Ghana. I represent that Anglophone (Africa) on the Steering Committee of SWA. I have been part of SWA since 2009.
I am so glad to be here at this first ever SWA Partnership Meeting and I especially enjoyed the debates on the first day after the proposed new SWA framework was presented by the Vice Chair.
Posted by sekumapter on November 15, 2012
Uganda showed the way to go with regards to monitoring matters yesterday at the “Sanitation and Water For All” partnership meeting in Johannesburg. Uganda, Liberia and Sierra Leone had taken giant strides to ensure that there were good monitoring systems in the WASH sector as well as transparency.
Uganda had taken the brave step to look at what is happening in its sector, documented results and reflected on what these results meant for the water and sanitation sector in the country. This gave a true meaning of both monitoring and aid transparency.
Uganda has been publishing a document called the “Country Sector Annual Review” for a number of years now. The review is powerful, its frank and it highlights progress made in the country without shying away from exposing the challenges faced in sustaining water supply and sanitation infrastructure and investments. The report is particularly clear on the challenges Uganda faces with tariff collection and financing for operation and maintenance (O&M). Sanitation still has some way to go before Uganda reaches full coverage.
The report focuses the Ugandan water and sanitation sector keenly on results. The data is Uganda’s, the ownership of the implications are held by the country and the sector will continue to improve because they are asking hard questions about sustainability and coverage.
Because Uganda and a few other countries are showing what monitoring is about in practice. Monitoring is about asking hard questions on results and having the courage to rethink your previous decisions and investments based on the analysis of these results. Uganda and these and other countries have a tremendous opportunity to actually improve sector performance because they have invested time and energy to determine what seems to be working in their countries and what aspects of their work and investments need to be reconsidered. And they will ask these questions over and over again as future monitoring results will guide them, which in time should lead to better results for villages throughout their countries.
Uganda is also showing what transparency is all about. Its not fooled by the silliness of the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) and it’s growing list of agencies that seem to think that transparency means throwing meaningless spreadsheet-numbing data onto a web page (filled with equally meaningless data from other agencies) and having donors and bloggers anoint them as truly transparent.
Transparency is not about unanalyzed data puke. Transparency is about being open, honest and forthright about the results of investments made – it’s about saying that these investments led to these results (good, bad, unclear at this stage…). Anything less is simply fog!
This in a true sense indicates that Uganda is not worried if it’s indicators are the same as each other. Its not worried on how it’s data fits in with global monitoring frameworks. It’s under the IATI radar. It’s simply focused on improving performance so that water flows and people can take a dump in a functioning toilet. The work is hardly perfect, and challenges of course remain in not only sustaining momentum for monitoring but also in ensuring that future investments in water and sanitation are done in a way that take seriously the lessons highlighted. Donors, implementing agencies and governments will need to change and adapt in ways they may not be comfortable with in the short- (or long-) term.
But if monitoring advances and Uganda continues to analyze and show results transparently then changes will most certainly come, as good practices will shine and bad practices will run out of excuses. And that will be good for people throughout the country. Exactly what good monitoring and transparency should actually do.
Posted by sekumapter on November 14, 2012
Ford's production lines have marked a turning point in human history. Business had to change and whoever did not understand the need for automation and series production was to be crushed by industrialization itself. After nearly 100 years, Skandia marked the official beginning of “the knowledge era”: Leif Edvinson was hired in the early 90's as a CKO (Chief Knowledge Officer) in order to capitalize intangible assets of the organization.
Posted by sekumapter on November 12, 2012